Dr.Mani's Blog

Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome – HLHS

The “Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome” – or more conveniently, “HLHS” – is a unique defect of the heart in many ways. Until a decade ago, the diagnosis was a virtual death sentence. Today, the revolution in cardiac surgical thinking and technique has changed the situation radically. Whereas survival beyond the first few months of life […]

Ebstein’s Anomaly

What is Ebstein’s anomaly ? It was in 1866 that Ebstein first described the heart defect that bears his name. The defect includes the following components: Displacement of the tricuspid valve (that lies between the right atrium and right ventricle) leaflets downwards from it’s normal position. Abnormalities of the right ventricle “Atrialization” of a portion […]

Double Outlet Right Ventricle – DORV

What is Double Outlet Right Ventricle (DORV) ? Some of the defects I have described are “simple”, some are a little “complex” – but DORV is something else. It is a common term that actually describes a wide spectrum of heart disease, ranging from something similar to a Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD), through Tetralogy of […]

Coarctation of the Aorta – CoA

You have read something of congenital heart defects inside the heart. Now let us consider a defect that is outside the heart itself, in one of the great arteries of the body – the aorta. What is COARCTATION of the aorta ? Coarctation of the aorta (CoA) is an area of localized narrowing of the […]

Ventricular Septal Defect – VSD

What is a Ventricular Septal Defect? Ventricular septal defects – also called VSD – are similar to ASD. A VSD is a “hole” in the wall between the two lower chambers of the heart – the ventricles. VSD may be small, medium-sized or large, and may be single or multiple. It may occur in different […]

Atrial Septal Defect – ASD

What is an Atrial Septal Defect ? The two upper chambers of the heart are called the right and left atrium. They are separated by a “wall”, called the ATRIAL SEPTUM. Sometimes, this “wall” is not complete. There is a hole in it. This hole is called an Atrial Septal Defect – or ASD, in […]

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